The Crown Jewels are the centerpiece of the royal coronation and symbolize the splendor of the British monarchy through the ages.
The Imperial State Crown
The crown was ordered in 1937 for the coronation of King George VI.
Used for formal events such as the opening of parliament, Queen Elizabeth II wore it after her coronation ceremony.
The crown bears 2,868 diamonds, 269 pearls, 17 sapphires and 11 emeralds.
It weighs 1,060 grams (2.3 pounds) and is 31.5 centimeters (12.4 inches) tall.
The second largest stone cut from the Cullinan Diamond – the largest diamond ever mined – adorns the front.
The Sovereign’s Scepter
A golden rod with a globe, cross and dove at the top, the design of the scepter symbolizes the Christian Holy Spirit.
It is associated with the pastoral role of the monarch towards the people.
It weighs 1150 grams and is 110.2 centimeters long.
The Sovereign’s Scepter
The scepter represents the temporal power and good governance of the monarch and complements the spiritual power symbolized by the Sovereign Scepter with cross.
It weighs 1170 grams and is 92.2 centimeters long.
The largest colorless cut diamond in the world, the Cullinan I, reigns at the top. It weighs 106 grams and is known as the “First Star of Africa”.
Due to the weight of the diamond, the scepter had to be strengthened in 1910.
The Orb of the Sovereign
The sphere represents the power of the monarch and the Christian world.
The gold piece is surrounded by a band of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and pearls and crowned with amethyst and a cross.
It is 27.5 centimeters high and weighs 1320 grams.
The Golden Ampulla
The eagle-shaped vessel contains the consecrated oil used in coronation ceremonies.
The eagle’s head comes off to allow oil to be poured into the barrel.
The design is based on a legend that the Virgin Mary appeared to the medieval English saint Thomas Becket and presented him with a golden eagle and oil to anoint future English kings.
It weighs 660 grams and measures 20.7 x 10.4 centimeters.
Gold, leather, velvet and gold thread make up one of the oldest parts of Britain’s royal coronation attributes.
The use of spurs to represent knighthood in coronations dates back to the coronation of Richard I in 1189.
Spurs were traditionally attached to the king’s feet during coronation ceremonies, but were presented and placed on the altar to queens.
The Cullinan Diamond
It was the largest diamond ever mined when it was discovered in South Africa in 1905, weighing 621 grams in its uncut state.
The government of Transvaal gifted it to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday in 1907 as a gesture of reconciliation after the Second Boer War (1899-1902).
Three Asschers employees from Amsterdam worked 14 hours a day for eight months to cut and polish nine large stones from the original gemstone.
When workers started cutting the diamond, the first blow broke the blade instead of the diamond.
St Edward’s Crown
Crown jeweler Robert Viner made it in 1661 for the coronation of King Charles II, after the previous medieval crown had been melted down in 1649 by Parliamentary rebels during the English Civil War.
Monarchs did not wear the solid gold crown at coronation ceremonies for more than 200 years because it was too heavy.
It weighs 2,040 grams and is 30.2 centimeters high.
The ring dates from the coronation of King William IV in 1831.
Queen Victoria did not wear it for her coronation in 1838 because her fingers were too small.
Purple rug from estate
Twelve seamstresses from the Royal School of Needlework took 3,500 hours to make it.
The robe is made of silk and embroidered with the figure of the monarch, wheat ears and olive branches.
– The Stone of Scone –
Also known as the “Stone of Destiny”, it is the ancient symbol of the Scottish monarchy.
The sandstone slab weighs 152 kilograms (335.1 pounds).
The English King Edward I seized it in 1296 and took it to the throne at Westminster, London.
Scottish nationalists stole it from London’s Westminster Abbey in 1950 and later reappeared in Arbroath Abbey, Scotland. It was formally returned to Scotland in 1996.
The stone will not leave Scotland until a coronation at Westminster Abbey.